[Abies balsamea var phanerolepis]
[a.k.a. West Virginia Balsam Fir]
Canaan Fir transplants are very similar to the Balsam Fir and the Fraser Fir in appearance, grow zones and other characteristics, making this species a very desirable landscape ornamental and Christmas tree.
It stands out from the often troublesome Fraser in that the Canaan Fir can handle wetter soils and is less affected by root disease, therefore making it an excellent substitute for Fraser Fir in problematic environments such as poorly draining areas. This ecotype [or variation] of Balsam Fir likes richer, darker soils with ample water.
The Canaan Fir is naturally found in isolated populations at higher elevations. This may be why it is slower to break bud than Fraser Fir or Balsam Fir, making it less prone to damage from a late frost. If you’ve been watching the weather since 2010, this alone is a valuable characteristic to have, since gorgeous trees damaged by frost freezes are not gorgeous trees. This species will reach heights of up to 50ft with a nice pyramidal shape under normal circumstances, and provides excellent privacy and wind protection due to its dense growth.
The Canaan Fir is named for the Canaan Valley in West Virginia. If you have tried Balsam Fir and Fraser Fir but have experienced poor results, this species is an excellent and more adaptable alternative in most situations.
Canaan Fir transplants: characteristics and info• prefers hardiness zones 3-7
• does ok in full sun but prefers partial shade
• mature height and spread: up to 50 ft high, 15-20 ft spread
• prefers dark rich soils, swampy soils, wet loamy soils, low areas and around ponds and streams
• Penn State Ag Extension info on Abies balsamea var phanerolepis
• Canaan Fir Sizes and Availability:
--- Canaan Fir transplants [now shipping]
--- Canaan Fir plug seedlings [available in Spring 2019]
• order using the green buttons below, or use our evergreen mailorder form
• Comparable alternative species: Balsam Fir, Concolor Fir, Douglas Fir, and Fraser Fir. Confused about species? Check out our Evergreen Tree Buyers Guide
These specific bare root evergreen transplants are available and shipping now [shipping info]. If you’d like to delay shipment, please specify that date in a follow up email after placing your order. However, shipping season for these specific evergreen trees ends around Thanksgiving week 2018 and resumes in Spring 2019. If you need evergreen trees shipped before or after these dates, please look at our various sizes and species of evergreen plug seedlings and evergreen plug transplants, which can be shipped at nearly any time of year.