[a.k.a. West Virginia Balsam Fir]
[Abies balsamea var phanerolepis]
Canaan Fir are very similar to Balsam Fir plug seedlings and Fraser Fir plug seedlings in appearance, grow zones and other characteristics, making the Canaan a very desirable ornamental tree and Christmas tree. It stands out from the often troublesome Fraser in that the Canaan Fir can handle wetter soils and is less affected by root disease. This species is naturally Phytophthora resistant, whereas Fraser is not.
Canaan Fir [and Balsam Fir] are an acceptable substitute for Fraser Fir in problematic environments such as poorly draining areas prone to phytophthora root rot. This species likes richer, darker soils with ample water.
The Canaan Fir is naturally found in isolated populations at higher elevations. This may be why Canaan Fir plug seedlings are slower to break bud than Fraser Fir plug seedlings or Balsam Fir plug seedlings, making it less prone to damage from a late frost. If you’ve been watching the weather since 2010, this alone is a valuable characteristic to have, since gorgeous trees damaged by frost freezes are not gorgeous trees. This species will reach heights of up to 50ft with a nice pyramidal shape under normal circumstances, and provides excellent privacy and wind protection due to its dense growth. The Canaan Fir is named for the Canaan Valley in West Virginia. It is an excellent alternative to Balsam Fir and Fraser Fir in most situations.
Canaan Fir plug seedlings: characteristics and info
• does ok in full sun but prefers partial shade
• mature height and spread: up to 50 ft high, 15-20 ft spread
• prefers dark rich soils, swampy soils, wet loamy soils, low areas and around ponds and streams
• Penn State Ag Extension info on Abies balsamea var phanerolepis
• Canaan Fir Sizes and Availability:
--- Canaan Fir transplants [sold out till Fall 2019]
--- Canaan Fir plug seedlings [NOW SHIPPING]
• order using the green e-commerce buttons (if visible), or use our evergreen mailorder form or our custom invoice request form
• Comparable alternative species: Balsam Fir, Concolor Fir, Douglas Fir, and Fraser Fir. Confused about species? Check out our Evergreen Tree Buyers Guide
These specific evergreen plugs are available and shipping now. If you’d like to delay shipment to later on in Spring 2019, please specify that date in a follow up email after placing your order. However, shipping ends for these plug seedlings by mid-June 2019.
Plug seedlings are shipped in bundles, but we offer individual plastic packaging, eco-friendly packaging, cotton gift bag packaging and custom laser cut pendants for all sizes of plug seedlings and plug transplants, sold separately in matching quantities.