[a.k.a. Abies mariana, Picea nigra, Picea brevifolia]
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The Black Spruce is a slow growing northern species featuring dense foliage, good shade tolerance and generally does not reach more than 30ft tall except in rare circumstances. Combined with its tendency to grow in a very narrow columnar shape and its tolerance of shade, and you’ll find that the Black Spruce is well-suited to tight planting spaces where houses and other objects tend to block the sun. It is commonly found in the Great Lake States and the Northeast US, and is widespread throughout Canada.
Although Black Spruce is generally a zone 2-5 species, it can do quite well in zone 6 if planted in a persistently damp, wet location which does not drain well. In fact it is a perfect wetland species which prefers lowland locations around ponds and streams, and is a good companion evergreen species for the deciduous Tamarack Larch. Black Spruce seedlings are also remarkably tolerant of poor soils, and are relatively free of pests and disease. They tend to be the last plants to mature in a disturbed area [drought, fire, etc.] but eventually dominate all others until another major disturbance takes place, making them what is known as a “climax” species.
Black Spruce seedlings: characteristics and info• prefers hardiness zones 3-5 but can handle zone 6 if planted in a wet location
• prefers full sun to partial shade
• mature height and spread: up to 50ft high, 10-15ft spread
• prefers darker, rich soils, swampy soils, darker soils, boot sucking mud, wetlands
• Wikipedia info on Black Spruce
• Black Spruce Sizes and Availability:
--- Black Spruce seedlings [available in Spring 2019]
• order using the green buttons below, or use our evergreen mailorder form
• Comparable alternative species: Black Hills Spruce, Colorado Blue Spruce, Meyers Spruce, Norway Spruce, Serbian Spruce and White Spruce. Confused about species? Check out our Evergreen Tree Buyers Guide