[a.k.a. Douglas-fir, Douglasfir]
Douglas Fir have been planted as lumber/timber stock for decades, and established themselves early in the 20th century as one of the primary species grown as Christmas trees.
Today Douglas Fir are almost universally harvested from tree farms, not from the wild, and have been one of the backbone species of the lumber industry for hundreds of years. This species thrives in its native environments of the western United States, from California to its true stronghold of Oregon and Washington. Curiously, Douglas Fir are not a “true fir” species despite its overall similar appearance to the true firs [the Abies genus of Fraser Fir, Balsam Fir, etc.], hence the “pseudo” in its latin name.
Douglas Fir seedings grow rapidly, and can reach heights of over 200 feet during a lifespan which can surpass 1,000 years. The diameter of this species at maturity can be astounding [5-6 feet in diameter], rivaled only by the famous California Redwoods. Douglas Fir feature soft gray-green to blue-green needles, which carry a very pleasant aroma when cut or crushed.
Douglas Fir are true giants of the forest, and can survive fires due to their thick, nearly impregnable bark. This species can be finicky when young and prefers moist soil in partial shade, but will adapt to drier locations once mature by developing deeper tap roots. Once established, they love full sun and will come to dominate an ecosystem by towering over nearly all other plants in the ecosystem.
Douglas Fir seedlings: characteristics and info• prefers hardiness zones 3-7
• prefers full sun
• mature height and spread: up to 80 ft high [occasionally to 200ft], about 15 ft spread
• prefers rich soils, moist well-draining soils
• Morton Arboretum info on Pseudotsuga menziesii
• Douglas Fir Sizes and Availability:
--- Douglas Fir seedlings [now shipping]
--- Douglas Fir transplants [sold out till Spring 2019]
• order using the green buttons below, or use our evergreen mailorder form
• Comparable alternative species: Balsam Fir, Canaan Fir, Concolor Fir, and Fraser Fir. Confused about species? Check out our Evergreen Tree Buyers Guide
These specific bare root evergreen seedlings are available and shipping now [shipping info]. If you’d like to delay shipment, please specify that date in a follow up email after placing your order. However, shipping season for these specific evergreen trees ends around Thanksgiving week 2018 and resumes in Spring 2019. If you need evergreen trees shipped before or after these dates, please look at our various sizes and species of evergreen plug seedlings and evergreen plug transplants, which can be shipped at nearly any time of year.