(a.k.a. Silver Fir, Eastern Fir, Canadian Fir)
(Abies balsamea or Pinus balsamea)
Highly fragrant and very popular as a Christmas tree, the Balsam Fir can grow to heights of 60-90 feet, can grow in partial shade and somewhat swampy soils, and can live for over 200 years. It serves well as a privacy screen or windbreak due to it’s fairly average 1 foot annual growth rate combined with its dense foliage. The Balsam Fir’s popularity as a Christmas tree cannot be overstated.
The Balsam Fir is so similar to the Fraser Fir that scientists believe that not too long ago [and we’re talking millennia here] they were one and the same.
Wildlife rely extensively on this tree for shelter and also for food [mostly the seed], and although deer may eat small amounts, they do not prefer it over other food sources. Martens, hares and songbirds often take refuge in thick Balsam Fir stands.