(a.k.a. Southern Cypress, White Cypress, Swamp Cypress)
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The Bald Cypress is a beautiful ornamental deciduous conifer, meaning it loses its needles every fall/winter in a gorgeous coppery bronze conflagration. This species grows to 70 to 100ft tall and flourishes in a wide range of zones [once established] and a wide range of soil types as long as they are damp/wet. The Bald Cypress grows at an average annual rate for a conifer but lives for a very long time. It is a highly water tolerant species and can minimize the effects of flooding by holding the soil in place when submerged. If grown in a frequently submerged location, the side roots often develop as knees to provide additional support, which provides the added benefit of erosion control. Bald Cypress is a great conifer for planting around ponds and water features, or anywhere the mud wants to suck your boots off.
Although known as a southern species, Bald Cypress can do well in northern locations once properly established. Younger seedlings are susceptible to unseasonal cold snaps, but more mature and established specimens become quite tolerant of wintery conditions. Often the tree appears dead due to frost/freeze damage or drought, but bounces back and tries again if given a chance.
The Bald Cypress often attracts waterfowl and amphibians because of its preference for wet locations, and many animals eat its nutritious seeds. In southern states one often finds spanish moss hanging from the branches, and bald eagles and ospreys are often seen nesting and hunting in Bald Cypress treetops.